Prediabetes and diabetes
The Epidemic of Prediabetes and Diabetes!
According to a new study, investigators say diabetes and prediabetes will also account for an estimated 10 percent of total health care spending by the end of the decade at an annual cost of almost $500 billion. That's up from an estimated $194 billion in 2010.
The report, "The United States of Diabetes: Challenges and Opportunities in the Decade Ahead," was unveiled this week, because November is National Diabetes Prevention month. The study offers solutions designed to improve health and life expectancy, while also saving up to $250 billion over the next 10 years.
Read this report on CNN titled Diabetes or prediabetes predicted for half of Americans by 2020
What is Prediabetes and why is it important to reverse it for weight loss, and prevention of diabetes?Prediabetes is a serious health condition that increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Yet the vast majority of people with prediabetes do not know they have the condition, according to CDC research.
- Just 7% of people with prediabetes are aware of their condition.
- 79 million Americans—35% of adults aged 20 years and older—have prediabetes.
- Half of all Americans aged 65 years and older have prediabetes.
People with prediabetes have blood sugar levels that are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. They are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes and other serious health problems, including heart disease, and stroke. Without lifestyle changes to improve their health, 15% to 30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
What is prediabetes?
How can type 2 diabetes be prevented?Research shows that modest weight loss and regular physical activity can help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by up to 58 percent in people with prediabetes. Modest weight loss means 5% to 7% of body weight, which is 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person. Getting at least 150 minutes each week of physical activity, such as brisk walking, also is important.
Who Is likely to have prediabetes?People with the following risk factors are more likely to develop prediabetes and type 2 diabetes:
- 45 years of age or older.
- Have a parent with diabetes.
- Have a sister or brother with diabetes.
- Family background is African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander.
- Developed diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes), or gave birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more.
- Physically active less than three times a week.
How to diagnose type 2 diabetes and prediabetes.
- Fasting glucose test. This measures blood glucose in people who have not eaten anything for at least eight hours. Fasting glucose levels of 100 to 125 mg/dL are diagnostic of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), also called prediabetes. People with IFG often have had insulin resistance for some time and are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes
- Glucose tolerance test. This test measures blood glucose after people fast for at least eight hours, and two hours after they drink a sweet liquid provided by a doctor or laboratory. A blood glucose level between 140 and 199 mg/dL is called impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) also called prediabetes. Like IFG, it points toward a history of insulin resistance and a risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
- Hemoglobin A1c test. This test measures the amount of glucose that is on the red blood cells. Fasting is not necessary. An A1c value of 5.7% to 6.4% indicates prediabetes.
Can We Reverse This Epidemic of Diabetes and Prediabetes?
According to the American Diabetes Association, nearly two million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older in 2010. Since the grossly misleading food pyramid was introduced, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has gone up as much as 400 percent in the United States. Pre-diabetes, also called insulin resistance syndrome or metabolic syndrome, affects about a third of all Americans. If you have some extra weight especially around your waist, you might be insulin resistant! An obesity medicine physician specializing in the medical management of obesity and insulin resistance might be able to help.
According to this report:
"Reversing diabetes through weight loss and exercise is a much less invasive approach and may be a more attractive option for many people. This is very exciting news for supporters of public health policies that encourage people to lose weight and increase their physical activity."
How Can W8MD Medical Weight Loss Centers Of America Help?
W8MD weight loss physicians have specialized obesity medicine training and are well versed with managing insulin resistance and other metabolic effects of weight.
Call (800)W8MD-007 for more information or visit W8MD website for locations, insurances, and appointments.W8MD physicians can help you lose weight safely, effectively using proven non surgical methods. Use this free W8MD's Insulin Resistance Calculator and see if you might be insulin resistant that may be causing your weight gain?
W8MD'S PHILADELPHIA WEIGHT LOSS PROGRAM AT
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